Agua Fria Village

Agua Fria Village

Resolution on El Camino Real in front of BCC on September 25th


Whereas El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro – the Royal Road to the Interior Lands – brought the first expeditions to New Mexico, and beginning in 1598 the first colonists under Juan de Oñate, and was an artery of commerce and travel tying together Spain’s colonial capital at Mexico City to its northern frontier in Santa Fe, New Mexico spanning  1,600 miles;


Whereas El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro is the earliest Euro-American trade route in the United States;


Whereas El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro is recognized by the federal government as a National Historic Trail;


Whereas El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro has international significance and is recognized throughout the United States of America and Los Estados Unidos de Mexico as a timeless route of trade and cultural exchange and interaction among Spaniards and other Europeans, American Indians, Mexicans, and Americans;


Whereas before the El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro was named, a number of Native American routes ran on the same course for a millennium from the Aztec empire in Mexico to the Turquoise mines in the Los Cerrillos, that were mined by the San Marcos Pueblo Indians, and the blue eyes of the Aztec’s golden idols have turquoise from those mines;


Whereas the original route of El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro runs through the heart of the traditional Village of Agua Fria, on the present day streets of Agua Fria Road and Junta del Alamo;


Whereas the rich culture, history and people of Agua Fria Village trace their roots to a place where El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro and the Ojos de San Isidro met;


Whereas the actual naming of the place “Agua Fria” is undocumented but residents speculate that it is from the weary traveler splashing their face with the cold water of the Santa Fe River, the first mountain stream they would have encountered on their journey from the south;


Whereas Agua Fria, then known as Pueblo Quemado, was a place of modern settlement since circa 1640, and in the year, 1776 Fray Francisco Atanacio Dominguez gave a census count to his superiors listing Agua Fria with 57 families and 297 persons;  

Whereas trade and travel on this trail shaped individual lives and the traditional historic community of Agua Fria and greatly affected its settlement and development as a farming community;


Whereas under the American occupation starting in 1848, U.S. Army troops under General Stephen Watts Kearney, Colonel John M. Washington, and Lieutenant James W. Abert used El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro through Agua Fria Village as noted in their journals;


Whereas as late as the 1880’s and 1890’s mule-drawn carros and burro-drawn carretas traveled El Camino Real from Mexico to trade goods with the locals;


Whereas the Probst Remount Station, situated by present day Lugar de Padilla, was a stagecoach resting place along the road before the entry into Santa Fe, also, delegations from Indian Tribes visiting the federal government offices in Santa Fe camped in this area; 


Whereas a church, San Isidro Catholic church, was constructed along the road in 1835 and a school house was constructed along the road in 1893;


Whereas, recent archaeological digs done under the Agua Fria Road for sewer extensions by Santa Fe County, have excavated the Pindi Pueblo abandoned circa 1250 and have indicated that two prehistoric settlements under the Pindi Pueblo site may date back to 3,000 B.C.E.;


Now therefore be it resolved that the County of Santa Fe recognizes Agua Fria Road through the historic Village of Agua Fria as the original route of El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro and acknowledges the route’s significant impact on the development of Agua Fria Village and surrounding areas of Santa Fe County.

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